sexta-feira, 24 de julho de 2015

Se a educação sozinha não transforma a sociedade, sem ela tampouco a sociedade muda. Paulo Freire



Ainda repercurte o cafe da manha ofereciado pelo jornalista joao Doria Jr. ao ex-presidente Fernaando Henrique Cardoso no "Person of the year" em New York.
na foto o publicitario,Nizan Guanes e reonomada jornalista Joyce Pascowitch.

O PETRÓLEO E AS MOEDAS IMAGINÁRIAS POR JOSE SERRA

O traço mais preocupante do governo Dilma não é o de cometer erros em série: é o de querer preservá-los com a paixão que um entomologista dedica à sua coleção de besouros mortos. Confirma esse juízo a declaração   do ministro da Educação, feita por vídeo no Facebook, de que meu projeto sobre o pré-sal retiraria recursos da área.
A Petrobrás foi quase arruinada pelas administrações petistas, apesar da competência de seus técnicos, da sua liderança na exploração em águas profundas e da notável riqueza contida no pré-sal. No duelo titânico que infelicitou a empresa, a péssima gestão conseguiu superar as lambanças. As perdas com o controle oportunista de preços e os projetos aloprados das novas refinarias chegam a R$ 140 bilhões. Como eu disse no plenário do Senado: recuperar a Petrobras é hoje uma tarefa patriótica.

A dívida da companhia é de R$ 340 por barril de petróleo produzido, enquanto a média das grandes petroleiras mundiais é de R$ 60. Entre 1997 e 2010, sob o regime de concessão introduzido no governo FHC, a produção   da Petrobras cresceu 2,5 vezes, de 800 mil para 2 milhões de barris/dia. Desde 2010, quando foi aprovado o regime de partilha, o aumento foi de pífios 18%, apesar de a companhia ter recebido a maior capitalização da história e ter contraído uma dívida equivalente a 5 vezes a sua geração anual de caixa, índice insustentável pelos padrões internacionais. À atual diretoria não restou senão promover imensos cortes nos investimentos e reduzir em 1/3 a meta de produção para 2020!
É triste que o óleo do pré-sal continue adormecido por mais algumas eras geológicas, enquanto o desemprego e o subemprego avançam em ritmo galopante no Brasil. Em anos recentes, a indústria do petróleo respondia por 13% do PIB! Imagine-se o efeito devastador da  crise do setor nos estados e municípios diretamente ligados à extração do produto.

Por isso tudo, para ajudar a recuperação da Petrobras, atrair investimentos para o pré-sal e reanimar um foco poderoso de dinamização do conjunto da economia, apresentei um PL, projeto de lei, logo no início do meu mandato. Sua configuração é singela: remove a obrigatoriedade – só isso – de a Petrobras ser a operadora única do pré-sal e bancar no mínimo 30% de todos os investimentos nessa área. São encargos que a empresa não suporta no estado em que foi deixada pelos governos Lula-Dilma. 
Mas o fato é que dirigentes petistas mostraram uma vontade primitiva de atacar o projeto, de forma radical.  Afirmaram até que o PL alteraria os critérios de conteúdo nacional dos insumos e equipamentos da industria de petróleo bem como o modelo de partilha e as regras de distribuição de royalties, do Fundo Social e da parcela destinada à educação! Tudo falso! A maior densidade de mentiras já proferidas por centímetro escrito de um projeto de lei. 
Mais ainda: omitiram que o PL não retira da companhia a faculdade de participar, quando e como quiser, da exploração do pré-sal. Livra-a, portanto, de um ônus sem lhe retirar qualquer bônus. Bônus? Claro que sim: permanece inalterado o art. 12 da Lei nº 12.351, que dá ao chefe do Executivo a prerrogativa de conceder à companhia – sem licitação e por decreto – a exploração integral de qualquer campo, se for do interesse nacional. Se um novo Kuwait for descoberto hoje no pré-sal, a exploração poderá ser concedida amanhã, diretamente à Petrobras.

O governo escamoteia também o fato de que outra empresa estatal, a Pré-Sal Petróleo S/A, tem presença obrigatória em todos os consórcios. Essa empresa deve, entre outras atribuições: “avaliar, técnica e economicamente, os planos de exploração e monitorar e auditar a execução de projetos de exploração e dos custos e investimentos relacionados aos contratos de partilha de produção”. Alguém acha isso pouco? Lembre então do peso da ANP - Agência Nacional do Petróleo, que permanece intacto.   
 O último espantalho foi brandido – vejam só – pelo Ministro da Educação. Se nada sabia sobre o tema, cabia estudá-lo antes de lecionar a respeito. Alegou, sem qualquer fundamento técnico, que o meu projeto “faz com que 75% dos royalties que iam para educação deixem de ir para este tão nobre fim”. É mesmo? Como? O único campo do pré-sal já licitado pelo método da partilha é o de Libra, cujo operador único é a Petrobrás,   dentro das regras atuais. Mas como  ela não terá nenhuma condição de investir em novos  campos nos próximos anos,  não teremos    aumentos de produção nem , por consequência,  de royalities e outras receitas para a área social. 

Circula ainda uma versão pretensamente sofisticada desses disparates. Afirma-se que o custo de produção da Petrobras é sempre mais baixo do que o das outras petroleiras. Por isso, a parcela da educação no Fundo Social seria maior se a exploração ficasse exclusivamente com a nossa estatal, já que a receita do Fundo  depende do saldo entre valor e custo da produção. Mesmo que essa diferença de custos fosse empiricamente verificável, o que não é o caso, o argumento não faria sentido, pois se baseia em uma produção que não existirá, dada a incapacidade atual da Petrobras de participar de novos leilões. O aumento no ritmo da exploração só pode se dar com mudança na lei, ou seja, se o meu PL for aprovado.
Sabe o leitor que a diretoria da empresa cogita vender 1/4 de sua participação no próprio consórcio de Libra, que será reduzida de 40% para 30%? E que, na mesma direção, diminuiu a estimativa de produção para 2020 em 500 milhões de barris? Isso, sim, vai comprometer as transferências à educação, por reduzir os royalties e o dinheiro do Fundo Social!

Enquanto o governo e seu ministro anseiam por dotar a educação com receitas imaginárias de petróleo, as verbas reais destinadas ao Ensino vão sendo cortadas. O que me faz repetir o alerta do economista italiano Vilfredo Pareto ao filósofo Benedetto Croce: "é preciso distinguir uma moeda de ouro de uma moeda imaginária; e se alguém afirmasse que não há diferença, proporia uma simples troca: eu lhe dou moedas imaginárias em troca de moedas de ouro".

SENADOR DA REPÚBLICA, EX-PREFEITO E EX-GOVERNADOR DE SÃO PAULO

Acompanhe novos artigos no meu site: http://www.joseserra.com.br


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apresenta...

Exposição e Conferência

Nesta Sexta-feira (24 de Julho)

A segunda fase da exposição Ego, Oblivion & Connection iniciará na sexta-feira (24) na S&V Gallery, e inaugurará o programa “Art & Audience”, que será marcado com uma conferência sobre o Mercado de arte no mundo contemporâneo, ministrada pela museologa e curadora de arte, Eline Martiniano de Carvalho. 

Eliane Carvalho atuou durante 10 anos como produtora e curadora de Arte promovendo e lançando artistas no mercado artistico. Formada em Artes Plásticas pela Faculdade de Belas Artes e pós Graduada em Museus de Arte pela USP, concluiu seu mestrado em Psicopedagogia lançando a Arte Educação na área da psicopedagogia. Atualmente Eline Carvalho faz parte de um grupo de estudos acadêmicos ligada à USP sobre Arte e Cultura da América Latina.

Artistas participantes: Rafael Quirindongo, Leonardo Bueno, JOTAPE, Marcos Amaro, Doris Geraldi, Dudu Rodrigues, Bezerra da Cruz, Júlia Equi, Beatriz Deruiz, João Soprana, Liza Papi, Alcinda Saphira em colaboração com a designer Liz Carvalho e os artistas indígenas de três etnias da Amazônia, representados pelo Instituto Dirson Costa de Manaus: Dihigó (Tukano), Dhiani Pas’aro (Wanano) e Kawena (Kakama).

O programa tem a coordenação geral da curadora Alcinda Saphira, e produção de Beatriz Deruiz e Michele Ticon.

LOCAL: 4 W 43 Street #415 New York, NY 10036
HORARIO: 7pm
RSVP e mais informacoes: saphirastudio@gmail.com






Today, I'm at the White House for the First Lady's "Beating the Odds" summit -- an event that will take a look at how we can help more students successfully transition to college, and give them the tools they need to finish their education.

The White House, Washington
When I stepped onto Brown University's campus for my first semester, I wasn't ready.
I'm the son of two Mexican immigrants, and the first in my family to go to college. During my freshman year, though, I felt surprisingly out of place -- I had worked hard to get there, but so many of my classmates came from wealthy families, were better-read, and seemed more prepared. And at a few points, I felt like I didn't actually deserve to be at Brown.
Fast forward a couple of years, and I'm now a rising senior, ready to get my diploma. Because I was able to connect with other people who had shared my experience and gotten through it, as well as professors and advisors who went out of their way to help me, I've learned how to feel comfortable in the uncertainty.
That's why I'm at the White House today for the First Lady's "Beating the Odds" summit -- an event that will take a look at how we can help more students who are just like me successfully transition to college and give them the tools and resources they need to finish their higher education.
Today at 11:00 a.m. Eastern, tune in to watch the summit live at WhiteHouse.gov/Live. And be sure to join the conversation online using the hashtag #ReachHigher.
At the summit, First Lady Michelle Obama will host more than 130 college-bound students from across America. These students come from all walks of life -- urban, rural, foster homes, homeless, special needs, and other underrepresented areas.
But they all have one thing in common: They've all overcome substantial challenges and obstacles to get through high school and make it to college.
For every student who's made it onto a college campus, though, there are far too many others who just don't have the support and the tools they need to get to the next level.
As the First Lady said earlier this year, "We simply cannot afford to lose out on the potential of even one young person. We cannot allow even one more young person to fall through the cracks."
So let's do everything we can to prevent more kids from falling through the cracks. All too often, you hear the phrase, "Where there's a will, there's a way." Let's do everything we can to make that "way" possible for more kids across our country.
Make sure to watch today's summit at 11:00 a.m. Eastern -- and be sure to spread the word to someone else who should listen in too.
Thanks,
Manuel
Visit WhiteHouse.gov


The White House, Washington
Hey,
I'm Ben Rhodes, a Deputy National Security Advisor to President Obama. For the past few years, I've been working closely with America's negotiating team, which was tasked with finding a way to achieve a diplomatic resolution that prevents Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon.
Last week, after two years of tough negotiations, our team along with our international partners achieved just that.
It's a historic deal. It blocks every possible pathway Iran could use to build a bomb while verifying -- through a comprehensive inspections and transparency regime -- that Iran's nuclear program remains exclusively peaceful.
The deal is called the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), and it's important that everyone here and around the world understands exactly what's in it and how it'll work.
There are already a lot of myths, misinformation, and falsehoods out there about what this deal will do and what it means for the future of our national security. This is a strong deal, with significant constraints on Iran's nuclear program, and unprecedented access to Iranian nuclear facilities -- including 24/7, continuous monitoring.
And make no mistake, without this deal, we won't have those constraints and we won't have that access. That's why President Obama has warned that without this deal, we risk another conflict in the Middle East.
We're ready to set the record straight about how we are successfully preventing Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon -- a crucial part of creating a safer, more secure world.
Thanks, and stay tuned for more.
Ben Rhodes
Deputy National Security Advisor
The White House
@Rhodes44
Visit WhiteHouse.gov








The White House, Washington
Last week, at a coding event in New Orleans, 14-year-old Demond Fortenberry blew me away with his data-savvy and curiosity.
At the event, hosted by local nonprofit Operation Spark, the City of New Orleans previewed four policing-related data sets. As the password for viewing the data came up on the screen, I reflexively cracked open my laptop to dive in -- but fortunately, I had the good sense to close it back up. This time, I wanted to experience the unveiling of a new data set from the perspective of a young coder.
And I'm glad I did.
I was a little nervous at first about whether this never-before-seen data would catch the attention of Demond and the other young coders. But watching Demond work with the data -- and build a collaborative working relationship with city leadership in the process -- removed any of those fears.
From incident locations to readouts on the demographics, he recognized what was happening in his community, and he started to ask questions.
Read the full story here.
Demond Fortenberry and City of New Orleans CIO Lamar Gardere review police data together with other hackathon participants.
The New Orleans event made me even more confident that we're going in the right direction with our open data work.
This past May, in response to the President's Task Force on 21st Century Policing, the White House launched the Police Data Initiative -- an effort to encourage better use of data and technology to reduce the inappropriate use of force and build community trust.
New Orleans is one of the 24 jurisdictions nationwide participating in the Police Data Initiative -- communities that have committed to open data sets about policing, and to participate in a peer-learning network to share data innovations across law enforcement agencies.
Read the full story here.
Demond Fortenberry and his sister, Dia, work on an app to display New Orleans Police Department data. (Photos by John Fraboni/Operation Spark and Summer Suleiman/Idea Village)
Because of the initiative, we're seeing a lot of innovative ideas across the country just like last week's coding event. The Seattle Police Department recently hosted a workshop for law enforcement agencies and technologists on balancing privacy and transparency in body camera data. And the Dallas Police Department posted 12 years of data on officer-involved shootings in a machine-readable format so anyone can analyze and visualize the data.
By bringing community members and leaders together with top technologists, researchers, data scientists, and design experts, the Police Data Initiative is accelerating progress around data transparency and analysis -- a critical step toward the ultimate goal of building trust between police and the communities that they protect and serve.
Thanks,
Denice
Denice W. Ross
Presidential Innovation Fellow
Visit WhiteHouse.gov

 THE WHITE HOUSE 

Greetings! Last month was a busy month at the White House, as we celebrated Immigrant Heritage Month and honored the rich contributions of immigrants and refugees all around the country.
If you missed them, be sure to check out these blogs from White House staff: Chris ChuFatima NoorJackie Dao Dinneen, and Vikrum Aiyer.
As part of Immigrant Heritage month, the White House held a World Refugee Day Champions of Change event to celebrate the contributions of refugee leaders around the country. The event featured National Security Advisor Susan Rice, Ambassador Samantha Power, and Domestic Policy Council Director Cecilia Muñoz.
Learn more about the event here.
Champions of Change are recognized for their contributions to the refugee community on June 25th. Pictured from left to right: Nadia Kasvin, Anna Crosslin, Benjamin Gucciardi, Zeljka Krvavica, Marwan Sweedan, Ambassador Amanda Power, Sasha Chanoff, Gatluak Ter Thach, Mariela Shaker, Micheal Ighodaro, and Mone Aye.
The Administration continues to make strides towards a fairer, more just immigration system. On July 15, recommendations were submitted to the President as a part of his Presidential Memorandum on "Modernizing and Streamlining the U.S. Immigrant Visa System for the 21st Century," a key component of his November executive actions. Recommendations include actions to modernize our system for efficiency and accessibility, streamline our legal immigration system, and strengthen our humanitarian system.
Additionally, USCIS published a notice of proposed rulemaking that would expand an existing process to provide provisional waivers to certain family members of U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents seeking to obtain lawful permanent residence and reduce family separation. Currently, the process is only available to relatives of certain U.S. citizens. This notice of proposed rulemaking is one of several executive actions that continues to move forward.
Furthermore, this month USCIS launched its Citizenship Public Education and Awareness Initiative to promote awareness of the rights, responsibilities, and importance of United States citizenship to eligible lawful permanent residents. For more information and to learn how you can get involved, click here.
This campaign aims to provide those seeking citizenship with information on the naturalization process and USCIS educational resources. It is part of a larger effort to demystify the process and provide lawful permanent residents with information to protect themselves against the unauthorized practice of immigration law.
Administration Updates
Modernizing & Streamlining Our Legal Immigration System for the 21st Century(7/16)
As a part of November's Executive Actions, President Obama issued a Presidential Memorandum to direct the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Homeland Security to lead an interagency effort to develop recommendations, with stakeholders and experts, to modernize the immigration system. Click here for the Fact Sheet.
ICE issues new guidance on the care of transgender individuals in custody (6/29)
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement's (ICE), Office of Enforcement and Removal Operations (ERO) issued further guidance to personnel on how to care for transgender individuals in custodial settings, including appropriate data systems, officer training and tools, and housing care.
America's Youngest Pioneers: Immigrant Children, Youth and Adults-What does the data show? (6/25)
Currently, there are over 4.7 million foreign born individuals enrolled in pre-kindergarten to postsecondary education. Another 20 million students are the children of foreign born parents. This Department of Education webinar focused on a national perspective and current data.
DHS Extends Temporary Protected Status Registration Period for Liberia, Guinea, Sierra Leone (6/25)
DHS is extending the initial registration deadline for Temporary Protected Status (TPS) from May 20, 2015, to Aug. 18, 2015, for eligible nationals of Liberia, Guinea, and Sierra Leone.
Statement by Secretary Jeh C. Johnson on Family Residential Centers (6/24)
[W]e must make substantial changes in our detention practices with respect to families with children. In short, once a family has established eligibility for asylum or other relief under our laws, long-term detention is an inefficient use of our resources and should be discontinued.
DHS Announces Temporary Protected Status Designation for Nepal (6/24)
Secretary of Homeland Security Jeh Johnson announced his decision to designate Nepal for Temporary Protected Status (TPS) for 18 months based on the conditions resulting from the devastating magnitude 7.8 earthquake that struck Nepal on April 25, 2015.
Administration Blogs
Bringing Our Immigration System into the Digital Age (7/16)
In November, President Obama announced a series of Executive Actions to fix the broken immigration system. As a part of these efforts, he charged the key federal agencies responsible for administering our legal immigration system to find recommendations to modernize and streamline the system.
Johan Uvin, Department of Education: Pathways to Citizenship through Career and Technical Education (6/30)
Johan Uvin is the Acting Assistant Secretary of the Office of Career, Technical and Adult Education at the U.S. Department of Education. This is his story.
Nina Vaca, CEO of Pinnacle Technical Resources, Writes about Fulfilling the American Dream (6/30)
"E Pluribus Unum": out of many, one. In recognition of that motto, I held a quarter up to the scores of men and women whom I had the honor of addressing at the induction ceremony for the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services in Dallas, Texas, on June 18.
USCIS Celebrates World Refugee Day and 10th Anniversary of USCIS Refugee Corps (6/19)
World Refugee Day is June 20. This year marks the 10th anniversary of our refugee corps. Working in cooperation with the Department of State, the U.S. Refugee Admissions Program resettled 69,987 in the United States during fiscal year 2014. To watch Director León's video, click here.